Bible Study Notes

THE BOOK OF ROMANS

 (Bible Study)

DELIVERANCE AND REDEMPTION: THE BELIEVER SHALL BE FREED FROM STRUGGLING AND SUFFERING BY THE SPIRIT

Romans 8:1-39

 Rev. Louis M. Murphy, Sr.

June 12, 2024

 The Whole Creation Shall Be Freed from Struggling and Suffering Romans 8:18-27

         (Outline)

  1. In this life (v.18)
  2. The believer suffers and struggles (v.18a)
  3. The future glory will be worth the agony (v.18b)

 

  1. The creation suffers and struggles for deliverance from corruption (v.19-22)
  2. Creation is subject to corruption (v.20)
  3. Creation will be delivered (v.21)
  4. Creation groans in labor for deliverance (v.22)

  1. The believer suffers and struggles for deliverance from corruption (v.23-27)
  2. The first-fruits of the Spirit deliver and save him (v.23)
  3. Hope delivers and saves him (v.24-25)See: DS1
  4. Prayer and the Spirit deliver and save him (v.26)
  5. God delivers and saves him (v.27)

 

Game Quiz Guide for 2/28/24

Questions 2, 4, 5, 6, and 9 are required. Correctly answering other questions earns extra points.

  1. What does baptism symbolize for the believer according to the passage?
  2. How does God count the true baptized believer, according to the text?
  3. What is meant by the “glory” of God in the passage?
  4. What does the word “walk” mean regarding believers walking in a whole new life?
  5. What does it mean that Jesus took on a totally new life?
  6. In the Bible, what does the word “new” often mean?
  7. Name three things  “the old man” means.
  8. Is a dead man freed from sin or a slave to sin?
  9. How are believers freed from sin?
  10. Why does God forgive believers when they confess their sins, according to the passage?

”Teach Me How to Love”

The Most Excellent Quality of Life: Love, Not Gifts

 (Bible Study)

I Cor. 13:1-13

 Rev. Louis M. Murphy, Sr.

February 14, 2024

Introduction: There is no question, what the world needs more than anything else is love. If people loved each other, really loved each other, there would be no more war, crime, abuse, injustice, poverty, hunger, starvation, homelessness, deprivation, or immorality. Love is the one ingredient that could revolutionize society. Love is the greatest quality of human life. Love is the supreme quality, the most excellent way for a man to live.

Outline:

  1. The great importance of love (v.1-3).
  2. The great acts of love (v.4-7).
  3. The great permanence of love (v.8-12).
  4. The great supremacy of love (v.13).
  5. (13:1-3) The great importance of love. Unequivocally, the decree is pronounced; the judgment is given; the verdict is declared:

⇒  the superior quality of life is love; it is not gifts.

⇒  the most excellent way to live and serve is to possess and share love; it is not gifts.

The contrast between love and gifts is vivid. Three verdicts are declared and the verdicts stress with resounding force the great superiority of love.

  1. Verdict one: tongues without love are meaningless.

⇒  The “tongues of men” probably means all the languages of men (Acts 2:4-13).

⇒  The “tongues of men” probably means the heavenly language or the spiritual gift of an ecstatic utterance given by the Holy Spirit of God.

⇒  “Sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal” do not mean the sound of musical instruments but the tinkling together of either small cymbals or the clashing and banging together of large cymbals by untrained persons.

A person can possess the gift and ability to speak and share Christ in all the languages of the world, but if he does not have love, he becomes only a clanging and tinkling noise. His speech is meaningless.

A person can possess the spiritual gift of tongues, that is, speak in the heavenly languages of angels; but if he does not have love, he becomes only a clanging and tinkling noise. His heavenly, angelic language is meaningless.

Note the phrase “he becomes.” This is a crucial point: the gifted person’s speech is not only meaningless, the person himself becomes meaningless. He becomes useless in his life and ministry for Christ. Love is far more superior than the gift of tongues.

  1. Verdict two: gifts without love are nothing. Three particular gifts are contrasted with love.
  2. There is the gift of prophecy. A person may have the gift of speaking under the inspiration of God’s Spirit, both predicting the future and proclaiming the truth of God’s Word. He may possess all the charisma, stature, eloquence, and descriptive language in the world; but if he does not have love, he is nothing. Not only is his gift of prophecy nothing, but he is nothing.

 Thought. There is always the danger of feeling and acting superior because of one’s prophetic gifts and eloquence. It is possible to long for souls and to preach the glories of heaven and the tragedy of hell with an attitude and a tone that one is better than others.

  1. There is the gift of understanding “all mysteries and all knowledge”—the sum total of all that God has ever revealed and of all that man has ever learned, discovered, and developed. Just imagine! A person possessing all the knowledge in the world! Yet if he does not have love, he would be nothing! Not only would his understanding and knowledge be nothing, he would be nothing.

 Thought. The danger is looking down upon others, of feeling that one is more knowledgeable or better equipped than others. A coolness or detachment or aloofness often characterizes such a person.

  1. There is the gift of faith, that is, the very special gift of faith that is given by the Holy Spirit to remove mountains and to do great and miraculous things for God. Note the word “all“. Imagine a person possessing “all faith”; yet, if he did not possess love, he would be nothing.

 Thought. The danger is spiritual superiority, an overblown sense of importance. A person with the gift of faith can easily hurt others by speaking openly of their great faith. They can easily make others feel inferior and of less importance to God.

  1. Verdict three: giving without love profits nothing. Two phenomenal illustrations are given.
  2. There is the illustration of selling and giving everything that a person has. Imagine giving everything—”bestowing all my goods to feed the poor”—yet, if I have not love, it profits me nothing.

 Thought. There are several dangers in giving. There are the dangers of:

⇒  giving out of duty.

⇒  giving with contempt because one is forced to give.

⇒  giving with an air of superiority because one has and the needy do not have.

⇒  giving with a rebuke because one feels the needy are just irresponsible and ought to make their own way in life.

⇒  giving unsacrificially.

  1. There is the illustration of martyrdom, the most terrible martyrdom of all—of being burned alive at the stake. Yet, if a person does not have love, his martyrdom profits him nothing. He dies in vain.

 Thought. There is always the danger of counting martyrdom as a thing of glory and of pride, as something to show one’s commitment to a cause. If a believer is ever called upon to die as a martyr, he is to die only out of love for Christ and for his fellow man.

  1. (13:4-7) The great acts of love. What is given in these four verses is not a long, dry, methodical definition of love. On the contrary, the very acts of love are given—the very behavior of a person, the very way a person is to live among and with others. In living and moving among others in the world, a person is to love, and this is what loving others means.
  2. Love “suffers long”: is patient with people. The word always refers to being patient with people, not with circumstances.

Love suffers a long, long time..

  • no matter the evil and injury done by a person.
  • no matter the neglect or ignoring by a loved one.

Love suffers a long, long time without resentment, anger, or seeking revenge. Love controls itself in order to win the person and to help him to live, work, and serve as he should.

 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith” (Galatians 5:22).

“Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness” (Col. 1:11).

 

“Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine” (2 Tim. 4:2).

  1. Love is kind: courteous, good, helpful, useful, giving, showing and showering favors. Love does not resent evil; it does not revel in the hurt and neglect. Love reaches out in kindness: in helpfulness, in giving, and in showering favors upon the person who neglects or hurts oneself.

 “Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another” (Romans 12:10).

“And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you” (Ephes. 4:32).

  1. Love does not envy: is not jealous; does not have feelings against others because of what they have, such as gifts, position, friends, recognition, possessions, popularity, abilities. Love does not begrudge or attack or downplay the abilities and success of others. Love shares and joys and rejoices in the experience and good of others.

 “Let us not be desirous of vainglory, provoking one another, envying one another” (Galatians 5:26).

“A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones” (Proverbs 14:30).

  1. Love does not vaunt itself: is not boastful; does not brag nor seek recognition, honor, or applause from others. On the contrary, love seeks to give: to recognize, to honor, to applaud the other person.

“For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith” (Romans 12:3).

“Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another” (Romans 12:10).

“Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves” (Phil. 2:3).

  1. Love is not puffed up: prideful, arrogant, conceited; does not think nor act as though oneself is better or above others. Love is modest and humble and recognizes and honors others.

 “Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 18:4).

“But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee” (Luke 14:10).

  1. Love does not behave itself unseemly: unbecomingly, rudely, indecently, unmannerly, disgracefully. Love does nothing to shame oneself. Love is orderly and controlled; and it behaves and treats all persons with respect, honoring and respecting who they are.

 “That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ” (Phil. 1:10).

“For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you” (2 Thes. 3:7).

  1. Love seeks not her own: is not selfish; does not insist upon its own rights. Love is not focused upon who one is nor upon what one has done. Love seeks to serve, not have others serving oneself. Love is acknowledging others, not insisting that others acknowledge oneself; it is giving to others, not insisting that others give to oneself.

 “Let no man seek his own, but every man another’s wealth [welfare]” (1 Cor. 10:24).

“Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others” (Phil. 2:4).

  1. Love is not easily provoked: not easily angered; not ready to take offence; not quick tempered; not “touchy”. It is not easily aroused to anger; does not become “exasperated”. Love controls the emotions, and never becomes angry without a cause (Romans 12:18).

 “But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth” (Col. 3:8).

“Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath” (James 1:19).

  1. Love does not think evil: does not consider the wrong suffered; is not resentful; does not hold the evil done to oneself. Love suffers the evil done to it and forgets it.

 “Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men” (Romans 12:17).

  1. Love does not rejoice in iniquity: unrighteousness, evil, wrong-doing. Love does not take pleasure in the unrighteousness and sin of others; it does not feed upon sin and wrong, nor does it pass along the stories of sin and wrong. Man’s nature is too often fed the tragedy of evil, whether personal sin or natural disaster.

 “And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?” (Matthew 7:3).

“Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such a one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted” (Galatians 6:1).

  1. Love rejoices in the truth: rejoices when the truth is known and when it prevails; rejoices when others are recognized and promoted for whom they are and for what they have contributed. Love rejoices when the truth is rooted and grounded in a person and among the people of the world. Note that love never covers nor hides the truth; love is courageous in that it faces the truth.

“Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another” (Ephes. 4:25).

  1. Love bears all things: the word bears means both to cover all things and to bear up under all things. Love does both: it stands up under the weight and onslaught of all things and it covers up the faults of others. It has no pleasure in exposing the wrong and weaknesses of others. Love bears up under any neglect, abuse, ridicule—anything that is thrown against it.

 “With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace” (Ephes. 4:2-3).

“Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye” (Col. 3:13).

  1. Love believes all things: is “completely trusting”; “always eager to believe the best”. Is “ever ready to believe the best”. Love sees and understands the circumstances and accepts and forgives and believes the very best about a person.

 “And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him” (Luke 17:4).

“And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you” (Ephes. 4:32).

  1. Love hopes all things: it “never ceases to hope. It expects the good to eventually triumph and to gain the victory; it refuses to accept failure; it always hopes for the best and for the ultimate triumph of the good—no matter how fallen or how tragic the fall or how difficult gaining the victory may seem.

 “For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?” (Romans 8:24).

“For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope” (Romans 15:4).

  1. Love endureth all things: the word endures is a military word meaning to stand against the attack of an enemy. Love actively fights and endures all attacks. Love is strong, full of fortitude and fight, and it struggles against any and every assault to buckle in to being unloving. Love conquers and triumphs—always—because it endures all things. No matter what attacks love, named or unnamed, it endures the attack and continues to love.

 “And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved” (Matthew 10:22).

“Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord” (1 Cor. 15:58).

“And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not” (Galatians 6:9).

  1. (13:8-12) The great permanence of love. Love is far superior to the spiritual gifts. The great permanence of love clearly shows its superiority.
  2. Love never fails, never ceases, and never vanishes. Love endures and lasts forever. But not so with spiritual gifts: the spiritual gifts shall cease to be and shall vanish. When? When we stand in eternity before God. Spiritual gifts are only temporary; they are not permanent; therefore, they are far inferior to love. Spiritual gifts are only temporary tools for us to use in reaching and ministering to a lost and needy world.

Thought.  Note how believers become guilty of the very things they accuse the world of doing: focusing upon the temporary instead of the eternal. Too many believers glory in their earthly gifts and abilities instead of serving and ministering in love.

  1.   Love is perfect and complete. We know nothing perfectly, and we can proclaim and predict the truth only with partial certainty. No person knows all the truth. However, a day of perfection is coming, and when it comes, only that which is perfect will stand and endure.

The point is this: love is perfect; therefore, love shall endure and be the primary trait between believers in eternity. Therefore, love is far superior to the gifts.

  1. Love is mature—maturity of behavior. While on earth, all that man is and possesses—his abilities, knowledge, and being—all are as a child. Man is just immature and imperfect, no matter what area of his life is being considered. However, the day of maturity is coming, the day when he shall set aside all the childhood understanding and thoughts and become a mature man, a perfected man. When will that day come? It will come when love is perfected between God and man and between man and man. Love is the great gift and quality existing upon earth today that shall endure throughout eternity; therefore, love is far superior to the gifts and abilities of men.
  1. Love is being face to face with God—a perfect consciousness and knowledge of God. Our present relationship with the Lord is comparable to the reflection we see through a dark mirror. We can faintly see the figure, but it is not fully distinct nor clear. Therefore, we only see God and the truth in part and we only know God and the truth in part. However, the day is coming when we shall know God even as He knows us—perfectly.

⇒  When is that day coming? The day love is perfected between God and man.

⇒  What will bring the day about? Love—God’s perfect love for man.

It is love that will be perfected and that will bring the day of perfection to reality for man. It is love that will bring us into a face to face relationship with God and into a perfect knowledge of truth. Therefore, love is far superior to the spiritual gifts.

  1. (13:13) The great supremacy of love. Both faith and hope are great qualities and gifts, but love is far superior. How? Remember that Paul is contrasting love with the spiritual gifts and dealing with the tendency of people to center attention upon their gifts and accomplishments. Love is far superior to faith and hope for at least six reasons.
  2. Faith focuses upon the revelation of God, whereas love focuses upon God Himself. We know about God only by the revelation of God through Jesus Christ, the Word, nature, and the inner witness of thoughts and conscience. A man believes in God by focusing upon one or more of the revelations about God. But love is different, entirely different. Love focuses and centers upon God Himself and stirs a relationship of adoration and worship. Faith, of course, can stir the same adoration and worship; but faith can also exist without adoration and worship. A person can believe in someone and not love him.
  1. Hope focuses upon being eternally with God in a perfect world, but again, love is superior because it focuses upon God Himself. A person can have hope in someone without loving him, but a person who loves someone always hopes in him.
  1. Love—true love (agapē love)—does not originate in the nature of man, but in the nature of God. God is love; love is the basic trait of His nature. The very existence of man is due to the fact that God is love, not to the fact that God believed or held hope for man. Therefore love, which is the basic trait of God’s nature, is far superior to faith and hope.
  1. True love is a gift of God. A man can know true love only as he comes to know the love of God. Faith arises from the heart of man, but love is deposited or given to man by God. It is shed abroad in the heart by God. Apart from God, man loves only those who love him; he either opposes or withdraws from those who hate him. A man can only love (agapē love) his enemies through the love of God. Therefore love, being the very special gift of God, is far superior to faith and hope.

.  Experience and nature itself prove that faith and hope reach and grow people, but love reaches and grows people far more than any other gift or quality.

  1. A person can believe in God, yet feel he is above others. He can act prideful, arrogant, and superspiritual. He may hope for an eternity to be with God and with other believers, yet he can be cold and distant. But love—true love—has no weaknesses or dangers. Love never fails, never comes short. But remember: love is not indulgence and license. Love involves control and discipline as well as care and giving, selflessness and sacrifice.

DEEPER STUDY:

Love: throughout this passage the word used for love or charity is the great word agapē . The meaning of agapē  love is more clearly seen by contrasting it with the various kinds of love. There are essentially four kinds of love. Whereas the English language has only the word love to describe all the affectionate experiences of men, the Greek language had a different word to describe each kind of love.

  1. There is passionate love or eros love. This is the physical love between sexes; the patriotic love of a person for his nation; the ambition of a person for power, wealth, or fame. Briefly stated, eros love is the base love of a man that arises from his own inner passion. Sometimes eros love is focused upon good and other times it is focused upon bad. It should be noted that eros love is never used in the New Testament.
  2. There is affectionate love or storge love. This is the kind of love that exists between parent and child and between loyal citizens and a trustworthy ruler. Storge love is also not used in the New Testament.
  1. There is an endearing love, the love that cherishes. This is phileo love, the love of a husband and wife for each other, of a brother for a brother, of a friend for the dearest of friends. It is the love that cherishes, that holds someone or something ever so dear to one’s heart.
  1. There is selfless and sacrificial love or agapē love. Agapē  love is the love of the mind, of the reason, of the will. It is the love that goes so far…
  • that it loves a person even if he does not deserve to be loved.
  • that it actually loves the person who is utterly unworthy of being loved.

Note four significant points about agapē love.

  1. Selfless or agapē love is the love of God, the very love possessed by God Himself. It is the love demonstrated in the cross of Christ.

⇒  It is the love of God for the ungodly.

 “For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly” (Romans 5:6).

            ⇒  It is the love of God for unworthy sinners.

 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

            ⇒  It is the love of God for undeserving enemies.

 “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life” (Romans 5:10).

  1.   Selfless or agapē love is a gift of God. It can be experienced only if a person knows God personally—only if a person has received the love of God into his heart and life. Agapē love has to be shed abroad (poured out, flooded, spread about) by the Spirit of God within the heart of a person.

 “And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us” (Romans 5:5).

  1.   Selfless or agapē love is the greatest thing in all of life according to the Lord Jesus Christ.

 “And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these” (Mark 12:29-31).

  1.   Selfless or agapē love is the greatest possession and gift in human life according to the Scripture (1 Cor. 13:1-13).

 “And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity” (1 Cor. 13:13).

THE BOOK OF ROMANS

 (Bible Study)

FAITH AND JUSTIFICATION: THE WAY FOR THE WORLD TO BE RIGHT WITH GOD

Romans 3:21-5:21

 Rev. Louis M. Murphy, Sr.

January 17, 2023

God’s Unbelievable Love (Part II): The Great Depth of Justification

Romans 5:6-11

 

Introduction— Love (agapē): this passage discusses God’s unbelievable love. It shows the great depth of justification. The passage also gives one of the clearest definitions of agapē love. It actually shows the meaning of agapē love. Agapēlove goes much farther than phileo love. Phileo love is brotherly love, a love that gives itself for a brother. But agapēlove is a new kind of love: it is a godly love, a sacrificial love, a love that gives itself for those without strength, for the ungodly, for sinners, and for enemies.

Outline:

  1. We were ungodly and without strength, yet Christ died for us (v.6-7).
  2. We were sinners, yet God demonstrated His love for us (v.8-9).
  3. We were enemies, yet God reconciled and saved us (v.10-11).
  1. (5:6-7) We were ungodly and without strength, yet Christ died for us. God’s great love is seen in this unbelievable act.
  2. We were “without strength”: weak, worthless, useless, helpless, hopeless, destitute, powerless. We were spiritually worthless and useless and unable to help ourselves.

“O my God, my soul is cast down within me” (Psalm 42:6).

 

“But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well-nigh slipped” (Psalm 73:2).

 

“But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep [dead], that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope” (1 Thes. 4:13).

 

“That at that time ye were without Christ…having no hope, and without God in the world” (Ephes. 2:12).

  1. We were “ungodly”: not like God, different from God, profane, having a different life-style than God. God is godly, that is, perfect; man is ungodly, that is, he is not like God; he is imperfect.

“And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them” (Romans 1:28-32).

  1. It was in “due time” that Christ died for us. It was in God’s appointed time: His destined time, appropriate time. Men had to be prepared for Christ before God could send Him into the world. Men had to learn that they were without strength and ungodly, that they needed a Savior. (This was the purpose of the Old Testament and the law, to show men that they were sinful.

“But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons” (Galatians 4:4-5).

 

“For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time” (1 Tim. 2:5-6).

  1. Christ died for us. The word “for” means for our benefit, for our sake, in our behalf, in our stead, as our substitute.
  2. Christ died as our sacrifice.

“And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again” (2 Cor. 5:15).

 

“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him: (2 Cor. 5:21).

 

“For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself” (Hebrews 7:26-27).

 

“For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” (Hebrews 9:13-14).

“But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God….For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified” (Hebrews 10:12, 14).

 

“Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed” (1 Peter 2:24).

  1. Christ died as our ransom.

 

“In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins” (Col. 1:14).

 

“Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works” (Titus 2:14).

 

“Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us” (Hebrews 9:12).

  1. Christ died as our propitiation.

“And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world” (1 John 2:2).

 

“Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:10).

  1. God’s love is an uncommon and an unbelievable love. Just think about the illustration given. Some persons attempt to save people who are caught in some desperate tragedy, and others offer their lives to represent leaders in their great purpose.
  • A few will die for a just and upright man (righteous).
  • Some will even dare to die for a “good” man.

But this is not what Christ did. Christ did not die for the righteous and godly man, nor for the good and pure man. He went well beyond what men do. Christ…

  • died for the ungodly, for those who were the very opposite of righteous and good.
  • died for those “without strength”: the useless, destitute, worthless, and those without value to society and men.

Christ died for those for whom no man would die, for those who were of no value and of no good. He died for those who were diametrically opposed to God, the very opposite from all that He is. Such is the unbelievable love of God; such is the depth of justification.

  1. (5:8-9) We were sinners, yet God proved His love to us. The word “commendeth” means to show, prove, exhibit, demonstrate. It is the present tense: God is always showing and proving His love to us. The word “sinners” refers to a man who is sinful, the man who sins…
  • by disobeying God’s Word and will (cp. Romans 1:29-31).
  • by living selfishly.
  • by ignoring God’s commandments.
  • by doing his own thing.
  • by the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes.
  • by pursuing the pride of life and the things of the world.

The point is this: it is “while we were yet sinners” that God proved His love to us. This is the unbelievable love of God, that He stooped down to save sinners. We would expect Him to save righteous and good men, but it catches us completely off-guard when it is stated that He saves sinners. Such is the unbelievable love of God.

Now note how God proved His love.

  1. God proved His love by giving up His only Son to die for Some earthly fathers would be willing to give up their sons for a “good” man or for a great cause. But how many would be willing to give up their sons for a man who committed treason or for a man who murdered one of the greatest men living? Think of the enormous price God paid in proving His love: He gave up His Son to die for the unworthy and useless, the ungodly and sinful, the wicked and depraved—the worst sinners and outcasts imaginable. Just think what God Himself must have gone through: the feelings, the suffering, the hurt, the pain, the terrible emotional strain. Just think what is involved in God giving up His Son:

⇒  God had to send His Son out of the spiritual and eternal world (dimension) into the physical and corruptible world (dimension).

⇒  God had to humiliate His Son by stripping Him of His eternal glory and insisting that He become clothed with corruptible flesh and die as a man.

⇒  God had to watch His Son walk through life being rejected, denied, cursed, abused, arrested, tortured, and murdered. God had to sit back and watch His Son suffer being murdered by the hands of men; He had to sit back when He knew He could reach out and deliver Him.

⇒  God had to destine His Son to die upon the cross for the sins of men.

⇒  God had to lay all the sins of the world upon His Son and let Him bear them all.

⇒  God had to judge His Son as the sinner and condemn Him to death for sin.

⇒  God had to turn His back on His Son in death.

⇒  God had to cast His wrath against sin upon His Son.

⇒  God has to bear the pain of His Son’s sufferings eternally, for He is eternal and the death of His Son is ever before His face. (Just imagine! It is beyond our comprehension, but the eternal agony is a fact because of the eternal nature of God.)

As stated, God proved His love. He has given up His Son to die for us. We do not deserve it—we never have and we never will—but God loves us with an unbelievable love. Therefore, He has given His Son to die for us, as our substitute, in our behalf.

“But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed” (Isaiah 53:5).

 

“I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep” (John 10:11).

 

“Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13).

 

“For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit” (1 Peter 3:18).

  1. God proves His love by justification through the blood of Christ.

“Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him” (Romans 5:9).

 

“And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven” (Col. 1:20).

  1. God proves His love by saving us from wrath.

 

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved” (John 3:16-17).

 

“For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 6:23).

  1. (5:10-11) We were enemies, yet God has reconciled and saved us. God reconciles and saves us by doing three things.
  2. God reconciles us by Christ’s death

Deeper Study on Reconciliation: to change, to change thoroughly, to exchange, to change from enmity to friendship, to bring together, to restore. The idea is that two persons who should have been together all along are brought together; two persons who had something between them are restored and reunited.

Three points should be noted about reconciliation.

  1. The thing that broke the relationship between God and man was sin. Men are said to be enemies of God (Romans 5:10), and the word “enemies” refers back to the sinners and the ungodly (Romans 5:6, 8). The “enemies” of God are the sinners and ungodly of this world.
  2. This simply means that every man is an enemy of God, for every man is a sinner and ungodly. This may seem unkind and harsh, but it is exactly what Scripture is saying. The fact is clearly seen by thinking about the matter for a moment.

The sinner cannot be said to be a friend of God’s. He is antagonistic toward God, opposing what God stands for. The sinner is…

•  rebelling against God

•  rejecting God

•  cursing God

•  ignoring God

•  disobeying God

•  fighting against God

•  denying God

•  refusing

When any of us sin, we work against God and promote evil by word and example.

⇒  When the sinner lives for himself, he becomes an enemy of God. Why? Because God does not live for Himself. God gave Himself up in the most supreme way possible: He gave His only Son to die for us.

⇒  When the sinner lives for the world and worldly things, he becomes an enemy of God. Why? Because he chooses the temporal—that which passes away—over God. He chooses it when God has provided eternal life for him through the death of His Son.

This is the point of God’s great love or reconciliation. He did not reconcile and save us when we were righteous and good. He reconciled and saved us when we were enemies, ignoring and rejecting Him. As stated above, it is because we are sinners and enemies that we need to be reconciled.

  1. The way men are reconciled to God is by the death of His Son, Jesus Christ. Very simply stated, when a man believes that Jesus Christ died for him…
  • God accepts the death of Jesus Christ for the death of the man.
  • God accepts the sins borne by Christ as the sins committed by the man.
  • God accepts the condemnation borne by Christ as the condemnation due to the man.

Therefore, the man is freed from his sins and the punishment due his sins. Christ bore both the sins and the punishment for the man. The man who truly believes that God loves that much—enough to give His only begotten Son—becomes acceptable to God, reconciled forever and ever.

  1. God is the One who reconciles, not men. Men do not reconcile themselves to God. They cannot do enough work or enough good to become acceptable to God. Reconciliation is entirely the act of God. God is the One who reaches out to men and reconciles them unto Himself. Men receive the reconciliation of God.

“And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation” (2 Cor. 5:18; cp. 2 Cor. 5:19-21).

 

“And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven” (Col. 1:20).

 

“We love him, because he first loved us” (1 John 4:19).

  1. God saves us by Christ’s life. “His life” means the life of the living Lord. Christ stands before God as our great Intercessor and Mediator. Standing before God, He stands as the Sinless and Righteous Son of God, as the Ideal and Perfect Man. When we believe in Christ, God takes our belief and counts it as righteousness. The Ideal Righteousness of Christ covers us, and God accepts and saves us because we trust Christ as the living Lord, as our Intercessor and Mediator before God.

“Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us” (Romans 8:34).

 

“And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance” (Hebrews 9:15).

 

“And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant” (Hebrews 12:24).

 

“My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world” (1 John 2:1-2.)

  1. God gives us joy through the atonement or reconciliation of Christ. A person who receives so much from God is bound to be filled with joy and rejoicing.

“These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full” (John 15:11).

 

“For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost” (Romans 14:17).

 

“Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls” (1 Peter 1:8-9).

 

“I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels” (Isaiah 61:10).

“Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them” (Psalm 126:2).

 

THE BOOK OF ROMANS

 (Bible Study)

FAITH AND JUSTIFICATION: THE WAY FOR THE WORLD TO BE RIGHT WITH GOD

Romans 3:21-5:21

 Rev. Louis M. Murphy, Sr.

December 20, 2023

God’s Unbelievable Love (Part I): The Results of Justification

Romans 5:1-5

 

Introduction: man is blessed by God through justification, blessed beyond all imagination. Justification and its results are gloriously covered in this passage of Scripture.

 

Outline:

  1. Justification is by faith (v.1).
  2. There is peace with God (v.1).
  3. There is access into the grace, the favor and the presence of God (v.2).
  4. There is hope for the glory of God (v.2).
  5. There is glory in trials and sufferings (v.3-5).
  6. There is the continuous experience of God’s love through the indwelling Spirit (v.5).

 

  1. (5:1) Justification (diakioun): to count someone righteous. It means to reckon, to credit, to account, to judge, to treat, to look upon as righteous. It does not mean to make a man righteous. All Greek verbs which end in “oun” mean not to make someone something, but merely to count, to judge, to treat someone as something.

There are three major points to note about justification.

 

  1. Why justification is necessary:
  2. Justification is necessary because of the sin and alienation of man. Man has rebelled against God and taken his life into his own hands. Man lives as he desires…
  • fulfilling the lust of the eyes and of the flesh.
  • clinging to the pride of life and to the things of the world.

Man has become sinful and ungodly, an enemy of God, pushing God out of his life and wanting little if anything to do with God. Man has separated and alienated himself from God.

  1. Justification is necessary because of the anger and wrath of God. “God is angry with the wicked every day” (Psalm 7:11). Sin has aroused God’s anger and wrath. God is angry over man’s…
•  rebellion

•  sin

•  hostility

•  ungodliness

•  unrighteousness

•  desertion

Man has turned his back on God, pushing God away and having little to do with Him. Man has not made God the center of his life; man has broken his relationship with God. Therefore, the greatest need in man’s life is to discover the answer to the question: How can the relationship between man and God be restored?

 

  1. Why God justifies a man: God justifies a man because of His Son Jesus Christ. When a man believes in Jesus Christ, God takes that man’s faith and counts it as righteousness. The man is not righteous, but God considers and credits the man’s faith as righteousness.

 

Why is God willing to do this?

  1. God is willing to justify man because He loves man that much. God loves man so much that He sent His Son into the world and sacrificed Him in order to justify man (John 3:16; Romans 5:8).

 

  1. God is willing to justify man because of what His Son Jesus Christ has done for man.

⇒  Jesus Christ has secured the Ideal righteousness for man. He came to earth to live a sinless and perfect life. As Man He never broke the law of God; He never went contrary to the will of God, not even once. Therefore, He stood before God and before the world as the Ideal Man, the Perfect Man, the Representative Man, the Perfect Righteousness that could stand for the righteousness of every man.

 

⇒  Jesus Christ came into the world to die for man. As the Ideal Man He could take all the sins of the world upon Himself and die for every man. His death could stand for every man. He exchanged places with man by becoming the sinner (2 Cor. 5:19). He bore the wrath of God against sin, bearing the condemnation for every man. Again, He was able to do this because He was the Ideal Man, and as the Ideal Man His death could stand for the death of every man.

 

⇒  Jesus Christ came into the world to arise from the dead and thereby to conquer death for man. As the Ideal Man, His resurrection and exaltation into the presence of God could stand for every man’s desperate need to conquer death and to be acceptable to God. His resurrected life could stand for the resurrected life of the believer.

 

When a man believes in Jesus Christ—really believes—God takes that man’s belief and…

  • counts it as the righteousness (perfection) of Christ. The man is counted as righteous in Christ.
  • counts it as the death of Christ. The man is counted as having already died in Christ, as having already paid the penalty for sin in the death of Christ.
  • counts it as the resurrection of Christ. The man is counted as already having been resurrected in Christ.

Very simply, God loves His Son Jesus Christ so much that He honors any man who honors His Son by believing on Him. He honors the man by taking the man’s faith and counting (crediting) it as righteousness and by giving him the glorious privilege of living with Christ forever in the presence of God.

 

  1. How God justifies a man: the word justify (dikaiōthentes) is a legal word taken from the courts. It pictures man on trial before God. Man is seen as having committed the most heinous of crimes; he has rebelled against God and broken his relationship with God. How can he restore that relationship? Within human courts if a man is acquitted, he is declared innocent, but this is not true within the Divine Court. When a man appears before God, he is anything but innocent; he is utterly guilty and condemned accordingly.

 

But when a man sincerely trusts Christ, then God takes that man’s faith and counts it as righteousness. By such God counts the man—judges him, treats him—as if he was innocent. The man is not made innocent; he is guilty. He knows it and God knows it, but God treats him as innocent. “God justifies the ungodly”—an incredible mercy, a wondrous grace.

 

How do we know this? How can we know for sure that God is like this? Because Jesus said so. He said that God loves us. We are sinners, yes; but Christ said that we are very, very dear to God.

 

“And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses” (Acts 13:39).

 

“For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Romans 3:23-24).

 

“Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God’s elect? It is God that justifieth” (Romans 8:33).

 

“Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith” (Galatians 3:24).

 

“And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith” (Phil. 3:9).

  1. (5:1) The first result of justification is peace with God.
  2. The meaning of peace with God is striking. Peace with God does not mean escapsim, a quiet atmosphere, the absence of trouble, the control of situations by positive thinking, the denial of problems, the ability to keep from facing reality.

 

Peace with God means the sense and knowledge

  • that one has restored his relationship with God.
  • that one is no longer alienated and separated from God.
  • that one is now reconciled with God.
  • that one is now accepted by God.
  • that one is freed from the wrath and judgment of God.
  • that one is freed from fearing God’s wrath and judgment.
  • that one is now pleasing God.
  • that one is at peace with God.

 

  1. The source of peace is Jesus Christ. Men can have peace with God only because of Jesus Christ. It is He who reconciles men to God. He has made peace by the blood of His cross. (Romans 3:25.)

 

“And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven” (Col. 1:20).

 

“But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed” (Isaiah 53:5).

 

  1. The reason we have peace is the glorious truth of justification.
  2. (5:2) The second result of justification is access into the grace of God.
  3. Grace (charis) means a gift or a favor, an unmerited and undeserved gift or favor. In the present passage grace is looked upon as a place or a position. Grace is a place to which we are brought, a position into which we are placed. It is the place of God’s presence, the position of salvation. The person who is justified…
  • stands in God’s presence.
  • stands before God saved.
  • stands in the favor of God.
  • stands in the privileges of God.
  • stands in the promises of God.

 

  1. Note it is through Christ that we have access into this grace. The word “access” means to bring to, to move to, to introduce, to present. The thought is that of being in a royal court and being presented and introduced to the King of kings. Jesus Christ is the One who throws open the door into God’s presence. He is the One who presents us to God, the Sovereign Majesty of the universe.

 

“I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture” (John 10:9).

 

“By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God” (Romans 5:2).

 

“Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus” (Hebrews 10:19).

“For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit” (1 Peter 3:18).

 

Thought: Note we “stand” in God’s grace, in His presence.

1)  We are not bowed down, intimidated, stricken with fear, and humiliated. Christ has justified us, removed our guilt and shame, and given us great confidence before God. Therefore, we take a stand of honor and dignity before Him, standing in the perfect righteousness of the Lord Jesus.

 

2)  We are not sitting or lying down, but we are standing. This pictures our service and labor for God. We are brought into His presence for the purpose of service; therefore, there is not time for sitting and lying around. We stand before Him justified, yes, but we stand to receive our orders from Him. (Cp. 1 Cor. 15:58; 2 Cor. 5:18-21.)

  1. (5:2) The third result of justification is hope, hope for the glory of God. Note that the hope of the believer is for the glory of God.
  2. When Scripture speaks of the believer’s hope, it does not mean what the world means by hope. The hope of the world is a desire, a want. The world hopes—wants, desires—that something will happen. But this is not the hope of the believer. The hope of the believer is a surety: it is perfect assurance, confidence, and knowledge. How can hope be so absolute and assured? By being an inward possession. The believer’s hope is based upon the presence of God’s Spirit who dwells within the believer. In fact, the believer possesses the hope of glory only by the Spirit of God who dwells within him.

 

“For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel” (Col. 1:5).

 

“For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ” (Titus 2:11-13).

 

“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you” (1 Peter 1:3-4).

 

  1. The glory hoped for by the believer is to abundantly exceed the most wonderful experience we can ask or think. Glory means to possess and to be full of perfect light; to dwell in the perfect splendor and magnificence of God.

 

“Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself” (Phil. 3:21).

 

“Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory” (Psalm 73:24).

 

“After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands” (Rev. 7:9).

 

“For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory” (2 Cor. 4:17).

 

Thought:  Note how far short we often come. Instead of rejoicing in the glorious hope God has given…

  • we moan, groan, and complain, living a discouraged and defeated life.
  • we slip back into the ways of the world: the lust of the flesh and the eyes and pursuing the pride of life and the things of the world. (Cp. 1 John 2:15-16.)
  • we become discouraged and defeated, no longer conscious of the glorious hope for the glory of God.

 

“Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself” (Ephes. 1:8-9).

  1. (5:3-5) The fourth result of justification is glory in trials and sufferings. When a man is truly justified, he is no longer defeated by trials and sufferings. Trials and sufferings no longer discourage and swamp him, no longer cast him down into the dungeon of despair and hopelessness. The very opposite is true. Trials and sufferings become purposeful and meaningful. The truly justified man knows…
  • that his life and welfare are completely under God’s care and watchful eye.
  • therefore, whatever events come into his life—whether good or bad—they are allowed by God for a reason. The justified man knows that God will take the trials and sufferings of this world and work them out for good, even if God has to twist and move every event surrounding the believer.

 

This passage explains the great benefits of trials and sufferings; it shows exactly how the trials and sufferings of life work good for us. The word “trials” or “tribulations” means pressure, oppression, affliction, and distress. It means to be pressed together ever so tightly. It means all kinds of pressure ranging from the day to day pressures over to the pressure of confronting the most serious afflictions, even that of death itself.

 

“In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world” (John 16:33).

 

“We must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God” (Acts 14:22).

 

  1. Trials stir patience: endurance, fortitude, stedfastness, constancy, perseverance. The word is not passive; it is active. It is not the spirit that just sits back and puts up with the trials of life, taking whatever may come. Rather it is the spirit that stands up and faces life’s trials, that actively goes about conquering and overcoming them. When trials confront a man who is truly justified, he is stirred to arise and face the trials head on. He immediately sets out to conquer and overcome them. He knows that God is allowing the trials in order to teach him more and more patience (endurance).

 

“My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing” (James 1:2-4).

 

  1. Patience stirs experience: character, integrity, strength. The idea is that of proven experience, of gaining strength through the trials of life; therefore, the word is more accurately translated character. When a justified man endures trials, he comes out of it stronger than ever before. He is a man of much stronger character and integrity. He knows much more about the presence and strength of God.

 

“Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and God of all comfort; who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God” (2 Cor. 1:3-4).

 

“And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong” (2 Cor. 12:9-10).

 

“Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness” (Isaiah 41:10).

 

  1. Experience stirs hope: to expect with confidence; to anticipate knowing; to look and long for with surety; to desire with assurance; to rely on with certainty; to trust with the guarantee; to believe with the knowledge. Note that hope is expectation, anticipation, looking and longing for, desiring, relying upon, and trusting. But it is also confidence, knowledge, surety, assurance, certainty, and a guarantee. When a justified man becomes stronger in character, he draws closer to God and the closer he draws to God, the more he hopes for the glory of God.

 

  1. Hope never shames, makes ashamed): never disappoints, deludes, deceives, confounds, confuses. The believer, the person who is truly justified, will never be disappointed or shamed. He will see his hope fulfilled. He will live forever in the presence of God inheriting the promises God has given in His Word.

 

“Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed” (Romans 9:33).

 

“According to my earnest expectaton and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death” (Phil. 1:20).

“For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed” (Isaiah 50:7).

  1. (5:5) There is the continuous experience of God’s love through the presence of the Holy Spirit.
  2. The love of God is demonstrated in His justifying the man who truly believes in His Son Jesus Christ.

 

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (John 3:16).

 

“But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8).

 

  1. The Holy Spirit sheds the love of God abroad in our hearts. He grows and matures us in the love of God, increasing our understanding of what God has done and is doing for us. He helps us learn more and more about our justification and more and more of the glorious salvation He promises.

 

The Holy Spirit…

  • makes us conscious and aware of God’s love, and gives us a deep and intimate sense of God’s love.
  • makes us conscious and aware of God’s presence, and of His care and concern for all that is involved in salvation.

 

It is the sense and intimacy of God’s love that is being stressed: a personal manifestation, a personal experience of the presence and love of God, of His justification and care for us as we walk through life moment by moment.

 

“He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him” (John 14:21).

 

“In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him” (1 John 4:9).

 

“And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him” (1 John 4:16).

 

Note: the Holy Spirit is “given unto us.” He enters our hearts and lives for the very purpose of sealing or guaranteeing us. He seals or guarantees our justification, and He seals the fact that God loves us and cares for and looks after us. It is because of His indwelling presence that we have the continuous and unbroken experience of God’s love. But remember, this glorious intimacy with God is a result of justification. Only the person who is truly justified experiences the love of God.

The love of God is a gift, a gift deposited in the believer by the Holy Spirit.

 

“For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together” (Romans 8:15-17).

 

“In whom [Christ] ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory” (Ephes. 1:13-14).